John Ferguson Diary, 1874


John Ferguson Diary, 1874

Date Created

January 1, 1874

Is Part Of

John Ferguson Diary Collection


Scanned Microfilm Manuscript




January THURSDAY 1 1874

A bright mild day, nearly a foot of snow on the level but no sleighing on the much travelled roads. Spent the day at home, reading and writing, father & mother went to Mrs Freeman's Brampton for dinner. Viney and I went this evening with W. M. {Wesleyan Methodist} Choir to sing at teameeting in Unity Church near Norval "had a good time".


Was hauling cordwood from "other place" bush on sleigh all day, have about 5 1/2 cords hauled. Mr & Mrs J. C. Snell and children were here for dinner & tea. Spent evening at Zion Chursh at the Missionary meeting. Revs W Burns & J G Scott were the speakers, a successful meeting

January SATURDAY 3 1874

Hauling cordwood from lower bush and splitting rock elm fence stakes. Father drove to Brampton for Aunt Jennie Harrington, she has just come from a short visit to Montreal. George Rice of Oshawa came here this evening The January thaw has set in and the snow has nearly all disappeared.


Viney and I drove in the buggy up to S.School this morning The roads are very muddy and weather very warm Supt JR Craig Pres. Sec-Treas JC Snell pres. lesson - Exodus I 7 to 14, "The House of Bondage" Rev JG Scott preached at Zion at 2:30 P.M. A rainy evening staid at home, music & chat..

January MONDAY 5 1874

Chopping cordwood in the lower bush, the high wind last night having uprooted some more trees. A bright warm day and the snow all gone. A lovely time in Brampton tonight over the municipal elections. J Haggert Mayor - K Chisholm, Reeve & DS Leslie, D.Reeve. Spent evening at Lodge. Chronicle by G Golding.


A very stormy day. Not doing much but choring around the barn-yard The Misses Lulu Maine and Hattie Moreland are here spending some of their holidays with our little folks. Spent evening at home reading Wm Stowe's Pink and White Tyranny.

January WEDNESDAY 7 1874

Shipped on early morning train to Stratford two young Berkshires to Mr Henry Hawkins. Our folks went to JC Snell's for dinner Misses Lizzie and Emma and RP Snell spent evening here in social chat. Sleet falling all day and raining tonight. There is sleighing again.


With the help of J Learment we killed and dressed a 4 yr old fat cow it weighed 580 lbs beef, hide & tallow spent afternoon at Brampton at the Reform Convention, unanimously chose Mr R. Smith MPP to be the Reform candidate, he made an able speech, & one from G Beam

January FRIDAY 9 1874

Received last night a letter from Uncle Adam Ferguson Went to Brampton this forenoon and sold to Mrs Vodden a quarter of beef 150 lbs @ 6 {symbol indicating cents} - also to another party a quarter 140 lbs @ 4 {symbol indicating cents} per lb - the hide to T Milner, 64 lbs @ 5 1/2 {symbol indicating cents} - Received from A Hawkins by mail $10.00 for the Bukshines.


Very fair sleighing again but the weather is very mild Spent the day hauling barnyard manure on the orchard field, drew 12 sleigh loads. Spent evening at home preparing for the Sabbath.

January SUNDAY 11 1874

Attended Ebenezer Union S.School this morning, Supt pres. Sec pres lesson Exodus II 1 to 10 - The Birth of Moses" Drove sleigh load of our folks up to JC Snells and spent afternoon and took tea. Heard Rev W Burns preach in Brampton tonight - text John III 14&15 verses.


Was hauling firewood from "other place" woods, very little frost under the snow making it bad to get around in the bush with the sleigh. Spent evening at the Lodge, a large attendance and a good lively meeting. Mailed a copy of "Peel Banner" to Uncle Adam. Received circular from A.C. Thomson about the new Herd Book

January TUESDAY 13 1874

Hauling maple & beechwood to Brampton for Mrs Trueman drew 2 loads to day. Had a visit from our cousins, the Misses Hannah & Mary Pearce & John & Thomas Pearce for the first time in several years. JC Snell and family were here for tea. Spent evening at Ebenezer at a teachers meeting.

January THURSDAY 15 1874

Finished hauling the compliment of five cords for Mrs Trueman and received $18.75 being the stipulated price for the same. Had a call from Robert Crawford of Oshawa. An extremely cold day


Was hauling firewood all day from "other place" bush. AF Campbell came this evening on a short visit. Viney had visitors, the Misses R and E. Carter & E Nichols. Spent evening at Choir Practice. Have always on hand a large stock of newspapers from western States

January SATURDAY 17 1874

R Crawford left here for Oshawa. Took a cord of picked hardwood to Brampton and sold it to Pendleton @ $3.50. A great stir in politics just now the Tories have nominated W Elliott to oppose R Smith. Mailed a letter to RJ Nichols. Was barbered at J.E. Wood's.


Spent forenoon at S.School Supt and Sec pres. lesson Exodus III 1 to 10, The Deliverer raised up. The Canadian Messenger was distributed among the scholars. Miss Jennie Peacock spent the day here Heard Rev W Burns preach a Temperance sermon in Brampton tonight text Exodus XXIII, 2nd

January MONDAY 19 1874

A thaw and a rainy day. Drew two loads of wood to Brampton and sold to W Pendleton @ $3.50 per load or cord. Went to lodge this evening, Chronicle by {W?}. Secretary, the committee presented the petitions to the Council to stop licensing groceries


Drew a load of cordwood to Pendleton. Attended a committee meeting at Dr Moore's Office to arrange for the meeting of the Co Lodge. Spent afternoon and evening writing letters of invitation to attend the Co Lodge to different parts of the Counties of Peel & Halton wrote 13 letters 1 One to Rev J Shaw Toronto

January WEDNESDAY 21 1874

Sold another load of cordwood @ 3.50 making 5 at that price and 5 @ 2.75. J. Johnston G.L. {Lecturer or Lectmer?} was here for tea and staid all night. Heard him lecture on Temperance tonight in Zion, and organized a lodge of Good Templars starting with 13 members. Got home at midnight


Cleaned up 24 bush of peas took 5 bags of peas and oats to Main's Steam Mill. Spent afternoon at the nomination for members of the House of Commons, a large crowd R Smith and W Elliott are the opposing candidates some very {lively?} speakers on both sides of the house

January FRIDAY 23 1874

Drove to Brampton in the waggon this morning, the snow is nearly all off the roads. Mailed two postcards one to Uncle Taylor and the other to Rev J Shaw. Spent evening at Choir Practice and afterwards until 1 o-clock in the morning at a private party at Mr M Gimmerson's


Was hauling firewood from "other place" bush, have about 20 cords home beside what was sold in Brampton. Aunt Jennie and I drove to Brampton this evening on business. The Political excitement is intense. Very cold and freezing hard tonight.

January SUNDAY 25 1874

Went to S.School this morning Supt and Sec pres. lesson Exodus IV 1 to 9 - "Doubts removed". A new library of 60 volumes was distributed among the scholars. Aunt Jennie and I spent afternoon at J.C.S. Heard Rev JG Scott preach in Brampton tonight - text - Luke II 7th verse. AF Campbell was at church and came up here tonight


Was hauling firewood, have all the hardwood that is chopped hauled out. Uncle Taylor walked up from Port Credit and is staying here. Went to the Lodge this evening afterwards to a political meeting in Concert Hall, it was crowded full, J Gooderham G Blair, J Fleming & JW {Beynon?}

January TUESDAY 27 1874

The GL {Grand Lodge?} Lecturer J Johnston Uncle Taylor and I drove to Brampton to attend the formation of Peel Co Temple Had a small attendance but those that were present were active workers. A load of the Oakville people were at the afternoon session. A large Temperance meeting tonight and speeches by Johnston. Scott & Barns & WM Choir.


The Oakville people drove home last night after the meeting was over. The next meeting of Co Lodge will be in Streetsville on Friday 27th of next month Went to Brampton tonight to a meeting for the friends of R Smith, the last grand rally before the conflict of tomorrow

January THURSDAY 29 1974

The polling of votes for the Dominion Parliament took place today simultaneously all over Ontario. Went to Mayfield with a load of voters, then to Brampton tonight to see the fun of bonfires and procession R Smith was elected with a majority of 15 votes over W Elliott the Tory candidate.


An exceedingly cold day. Spent most of the day in the house writing reports of Co Lodge meeting to the local papers and to the "Casket". Spent evening at Zion Church at "Edmonton" Temple No 543 not many present, five were initiated. Snow falling from the N.E.

January SATURDAY 31 1874

Drove sleigh up to Willow Lodge" Farm this morning on business. Spent afternoon in Brampton, doing a little shopping and talking politics. Mailed a letter to TW Casey, Napanee and to AF Campbell a post card Busy writing all evening on Lodge business.

February SUNDAY 1 1874

Went to the Quarterly meeting at Brampton this morning Rev W Barns preached from John XVII, 1st verse. The attendance of people was not so good as usual, it being a very cold day. Spent afternoon at Choir Practice & took tea with Mrs Perry. Heard Rev JG Scott preach tonight text Psalm XLV 7th & 8th

February MONDAY 2 1874

A stormy day - snow falling fast from N.E. Drove cutter up to J Conells this forenoon. Drove sleigh to Brampton at 5 oclock PM and met at the R R Depot. Mr and Mrs George Rice who were married on Thursday last at Niagara Falls NY. - Spent evening at the Lodge Election of Officers, am in the same office - W Secretary.


AF Campbell came up with me last night. Hauled a cord hardwood to Mrs Trueman @ $3.50. - A wedding dinner here at 6 P.M. guests - Mr and Mrs Main Mrs Trueman, Featherston & John Snell Rev W Burns and wife Mr & Mrs JC Snell & Jennie Peacock. Had a pleasant conversation until 11 P.M. when the party broke up.

February WEDNESDAY 4 1874

Had a visit today from Walter Baldock and his sister & Mary Campbell, Alek's daughter - The wedding folks and Viney went to Toronto on evening train Went with WM Choir to a Honey Social on 24 1st line West this evening. Speaking by Revs JG Scott and Sherlock, a crowded house and plenty of honey. The Choir were highly praised.


Was hauling the soft wood from "other place" bush, have {5?} cords this completes the job of drawing wood for the present. Spent the evening at writing up the minutes of the Peel Co Lodge. Edwin Dixon of Amaranth staid here all last night and started for home this morning.

February FRIDAY 6 1874

The principal occupation just now is threshing with the flail used it all day on the peas & with considerable effect spent evening at Edmonton Temple in Ebenezer Church 8 initiated and quite a lively meeting. G{H?} Golding from Brampton was present. A very stormy evening.


Swinging the flail on timothy and orchard grass for {illegible word} the seed pounded out, very slow work, about 2 bush a day. First calf of this season same yesterday from "White Rose" - Nearly a foot of snow came last night, the weather is moderate. At home writing all evening.

February SUNDAY 8 1874

Spent forenoon at S.School Sept and Sec pres. lesson - Exodus VII, 14 to 22 "The first Plague". Was reading this afternoon "Gates Ajar" by Mrs Phelps, a very interesting and unique work. JC Snell and family were here for tea. Heard Rev Mr Eastman preach in Brampton tonight - text Ezekiel Ist Chap. 15 to 19th verses.....


Still at the flailing. Finished the timothy have 38 lbs for 1/2 dys threshing. Started the orchard grass seed. Went to Brampton tonight on foot. Received a letter from Viney of Oakville. Spent evening at the Lodge, four initiated, and a good meeting. Had a short chat with Dawson Morland just from London Ont.

February TUESDAY 10 1874

Received a letter yesterday from RJ Nichols of Chicago. Finished threshing the orchard grass. have about 6 bushels and 2 1/2 bush threshed last fall total on hand 8 1/2 bush, it is very difficult to get clean it being so light, only 14 lbs to bush Spent evening writing up the Lodge work of Edmonton No 543 and Safe Guard No 350.....


Drove up to Joh R Craig's to attend his auction Sale of Blooded Stock, a large attendance of people. John R Page of N York was the auctioneer the Short Horns were all bought by American buyers at high figures the sheep - Cotswolds sold well the Canadians getting a fair share of them

February THURSDAY 12 1874

Robert G Ferguson came here last night from St Joseph. Uncle Adam went on to Toronto. Drew two cords of soft wood to Brampton and sold them to J Campbell of the "Ashery" @ $2.00 per cord. Simon Beattie's Sale of Stock today Very high prices were paid, one cow brought $3420.00


JC Snell called here this morning with his cutter and we went down to Streetsville to attend the County Peel S School Convention It wast not a success this year being poorly attended by the people or by speakers. We took tea with Mr Webb, an old friend that was my SS Teacher 15 years ago. It was past midnight when we got home

February SATURDAY 14 1874

Raining slightly most all day yesterday and the sleighing has gone almost once more. This winter has been a very peculiar one thus far. Spent the day fanning and measuring oats for seed and for next summer's feeding. Went to Brampton tonight, was at Choir Practice.


Went to Brampton WM Church this morning to attend the Anniversary services. Heard Rev Dr Wood preach text Genesis, VII, 1st Heard Rev S Rose preach at 2:30 P.M. text Revelations V, 6th verse Took tea with D Morland at Mrs Trueman's. Heard Rev EH Dewart preach tonight, text, Luke XV 7th Three most excellent sermons especially morning & evening

February MONDAY 16 1874

Threshing crown peas with the flail. RG Ferguson left here this morning for Toronto and then on to Orangeville and Shelburne. Went to on Brampton tonight on foot and spent evening at the Lodge, small attendance of members but had some good readings and songs.


At the same work as yesterday fine mild weather but very little snow on the ground. Spent evening at Brampton hearing Rev Lachlin Taylor lecture in WM Church on "Manitoba", he is a good speaker and handles the subject well making it both witty and instructive.

February WEDNESDAY 18 1874

Still at the threshing. Our folks went visiting up to J.C. Snell's. Drove to Brampton tonight to meet Aunt Jennie Rice from Oshawa. She, Emma and I went to Odd-fellows concert given for the benefit of the poor of the town, the singing was fairly done & the readings excellent, the most of the actors were from Toronto.


Fanned the remainder of the D{rest of word illegible} wheat - 21 1/2 bush and sold it to KC & Co @ $1.20 also cleaned up the barley for spring seeding, have only 10 bush. Rented a box 247 in Brampton Post Office for ten months @ 35 {symbol indicating cents}. Bought of Jesse Perry one bush of fresh lime @ 25 {symbol indicating cents}......

February FRIDAY 20 1874

Cleaning peas with fanning mill - have about 115 bush threshed and cleaned - have 190 bush of oats, having cleaned measured them also. A very mild day very little snow on the fields, the roads are somewhat icy. Spend evening at Edmonton Lodge No 543, had a pleasant meeting, some readings and recitations.


Went to Brampton this forenoon on horseback. Mailed some letters for Aunt Jennie received a letter from Viney. Her health is improving and she is enjoying herself in Oakville. Spent afternoon making preparations for sowing on Monday.

February SUNDAY 22 1874

Spent forenoon at S.School Supt and Sec pres. lesson Exodus XIII 17 to 21 - "Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt"-- JC Snell and family came here this afternoon and we all drove in spring waggon to Brampton tonight and heard Rev JG Scott preach text - Luke XIX 41st A Temperance sermon, going fully into the subject in able manner.


With Guy Bell's circular saw and with the help of some of our neighbours we sawed about 23 cords f wood, 18 of which were hard and the rest soft wood. Finished at 3-oclock rather more than 5 hours at the job. Spent evening at the Lodge rather a dull session.

February TUESDAY 24 1874

Shortly after sunrise I started with team and sleigh for Caledon to get a load of cedar. Bought of A McColl 35 posts @ 8 {symbol indicating cents} each and got home at noon, having made the round trip of 20 miles in less than 5 hours. Very little snow in Caledon this winter


Father, mother and aunt Jennie went to 3rd line East on an all day visit to the {Modiland's?}. Spent the day threshing peas with the flail. Spent evening at Brampton in the stores and chatting with some chums. Uncle Adam came here this evening to spend the night, they are going to live in Bay City Michigan

February THURSDAY 26 1874

Started for Oakville at 10.30 o'clock A.M. with horse and buggy and arrived at the end of my journey at 3 PM. Found the folks all well down there. Spent the evening at a public Temperance meeting, a Mrs Hardy of New York gave a very good lecture she is a fluent speaker. DB Chisholm MP Halton {letter C?} also spoke well. Some very choice music was given


Had a pleasant time in Oakville They are fully alive on Temperance. Viney and I left there at 1 oclock for Streetsville to attend Peel Co Lodge AGT. We had a very pleasant meeting in the lodge room of "Union" Temple, the Co Temple promises to be a success. In the evening we went to a {Social?}. The readings and music were really excellent

February SATURDAY 28 1874

Got home this morning at 1 o'clock, tired and sleepy. Aunt Jennie Rice packed up all her things and went by train to Oshawa to take up her permanent residence there. Spent the day at R Smith's wood sawing {illegible word}. Something uncommon happened here yesterday in the shape of twin calves from "Blossom"

March SUNDAY 1 1874

At S.School this forenoon Supt and Sec Pres. Lesson - Exodus XIV, 19 to 31. "Israelites crossing the Red Sea". Heard Rev John Gardiner Scott preach in Brampton tonight - text - Job XIV, 14th verse. A funeral sermon on the death of a young lady. A beautiful warm day the roads quite muddy.

March MONDAY 2 1874

Was splitting firewood and piling it in the wood house for next summer's use The Township Assessor Mr Watson was here today, we are assessed at $5{8?}50.00 for whole property. Spent evening at Temple, one initiated some good readings.


Was helping J Learment to cut in the bush with the cross cut saw, some maple trees. Regular spring weather snow nearly all gone, raining in showers, and the mud on the Centre Road six inches deep.

March WEDNESDAY 4 1874

Spent the day splitting and piling firewood in the woodhouse. Mr R Lowes had an Auction Sale of Farm Stock the prices paid were not very high. Mailed a letter to R.J Nichols of Chicago. This evening was reading that very interesting little book "Gates Ajar" by Mrs Phelps....


Was threshing peas all day with flail, a very dusty job but am amply repaid for the dirt and labor by the way the peas shell out. Was reading a long article in the "Globe" about the Ontario College Farm how it is to be conducted and managed. It will be a grand institution for young farmers.

March FRIDAY 6 1874

Cleaned from dust and chaff with the fanning mill 30 bush of peas mostly "Golden Vine". Went to Brampton this afternoon on horse-back. Bought at Wilkinson's a grey cotton shirt and neck tie $2.15. Spent evening at Edmonton "Lodge" JC Snell was initiated, had a pleasant meeting.


Raining more or less all last night and this forenoon freezing and loading the trees with ice. Was splitting firewood most of the day. Have had some trouble all winter with "scratches" on the horses' heels, are slowly healing up now, by being dressed with lye and fresh lime. First lambs of the season came yesterday, twins but both dead.

March SUNDAY 8 1874

Viney, Emma, Ella and I walked up to S.School this morning Supt pres. Sec also pres - lesson, Exodus XV 22 to 27 "The bitter waters sweetened". Took dinner at JC Snell's and staid the afternoon. Heard Rev William Burns in Brampton tonight preach text Galatians XI, 7th & 8th verses.


Threshing peas all day and are nearly done the job. Mrs JC Snell was here on a visit it is now good walking across the fields to their place. Revs W Burns & JG Scott were presented with $100.00 each by the members of WM Church on last Saturday. Spent evening at the Lodge. Chronicle by {illegible word} Bunting

March TUESDAY 10 1874

Completed the task of threshing the peas, have 165 bush cleaned and in the bins beside taking to mill 25 bush half peas and oats for chopping. Got home our new iron harrows they have 72 teeth of the best material (painted blue). Received last night a letter from Aunt Jennie Rice and one from Sarah Peacock Tom Mason was married on Feb 24th


Went to Brampton this afternoon and brought home the chopped grain. Was measured for a pr of fine boots two weeks ago and received them today from J Coyne @ 5.50$. Sold to JC Snell 50 Bush peas @ 65 {symbol indicating cents} per bush. Very cold windy weather and rough roads.

March THURSDAY 12 1874

Delivered the 50 bush of peas we sold to JCS. at Main's Mill for chopping they are feeding a great quantity of grain to their stock, fitting them up for the Sale. On my way home from Brampton the horses ran away threw me out and the wheels went over my foot and leg, bruising them severely.


Father went down and brought home the waggon, the tongue axletree and bolster are broken some person having in the meantime stolen the double trees and rod. J Learment and father went to Edmonton Temple, there were 5 initiated & a good meeting. A heifer calf from Coral - A monster lamb of 15 lbs weight

March SATURDAY 14 1874

Still laid up with bruises spent the day in the house reading and writing, it is very wearisome to be confined to the house when one is used to knocking around outside all the time. Had a call from Mr Arch {letter "d" in superscript here indicating short form for Archibald} Bunting Mailed a letter to Aunt Jennie Rice by Ella going to Brampton.


It must be more than a year since I spent a Sabbath entirely at home. My sisters walked up to S.School, the lesson - Exodus XVI 1 to 6th "Manna from heaven". Rev J.G. Scott preached at Zion at 2 1/2 PM to a small congregation. Have been engaged all day reading and music. A fine bright day.

March MONDAY 16 1874

Fanned up a load of spring wheat (Mamoth) and sold it to KC & Co, 45 bush @ $1.12 per bush. J Learment lending us his waggon for the purpose The weather is very fine. Not able to go to the temple to night in body but am there in spirit. AF Campbell called here today but only staid half an hour


Spent the day working at the wagon, got the tongue completed and ironed, it looks as good as ever it did. Had a call this evening from G.H. Golding on a brotherly visit. We spent the evening in social chat.

March WEDNESDAY 18 1874

Bro Golding staid all last night and breakfasted with us this morning. At the same job as yesterday, working on the axletree of rock elm. Father went to Brampton on horseback. Received a letter from the Oakville friends. A very warm misty day. The Etobicoke is raging and mind abounds


Completed the job of yesterday and the waggon is now better and stronger than it was before the accident. Spent evening reading the works of HW Longfellow, his poems always seem fresh and attractive

March FRIDAY 20 1874

Started operations on another wagon axletree for the old waggon. Had a visit this afternoon from R Smith, MP (also Mr & Mrs JC Snell) he intends going to Ottawa on Tuesday next the Parliament will open on 26 {inst? in superscript} Spent evening at Edmonton Lodge, two initiated, a lively meeting and lengthy, after 10 oclock when we adjourned.


Finished the job on the old wagon have them both in good running order now. The weather is fine and bright with smart frosts at night, the roads are exceedingly bad. Mailed yesterday a letter to Uncle TJ Harrington of Carthage Missouri.

March SUNDAY 1874

Rode on horseback up to S.School Supt and Sec pres. lesson - Exodus XVII 8 to 13 "The defeat of Amalek". The "Canadian Messenger" of Montreal distributed among the scholars. Heard Rev JG Scott preach in Brampton WM Church tonight, text II Peter I cap 1st verse. A good sermon expounding the doctrine of "Faith".


An exceedingly windy cold day. Spent it making whiffle trees and attending the stock. Went to the Temple tonight, met for first time in new hall over Greene's new block. The room is large and well lighted, a good turn out of members and a good programe. JJ Bunting bid us all goodbye, he is going to live in Stratford

March TUESDAY 24 1874

Spent the day splitting firewood The high wind has blown down a great deal of timbers in the woods. Spent whole evening writing up Temple work. Wrote a copy of resolution for the "Peel Banner" which was passed at Lodge last night respecting Bro JJ Bunting's departure to Stratford.


Splitting firewood and repairing wagon box and feeding stock was my work for to day. Father went to Brampton for a stock of groceries and sundries taking with him 5 lbs of butter now 30 {symbol indicating cents} per lb. Received a letter from RJ Nichols and Viney one from Oakville

March THURSDAY 26 1874

Attended Mr William Elliott's sale of farm stock and implements on No 10 Centre Road, A large crowd of people and most of the articles brought high prices. Mr and Mrs John Woodhall were here for tea


At the usual routine for work. Cleaned up 20 lbs of timothy seed off the barn floor, it having come out of the wheat chaff. Mr JC Snell was here all day. Viney and I went to Choir Practice tonight and had a good sing. Mr W. Carter Sen{letter "r" in superscript - short for Senior?} died today from paralysis aged 59 years.

March SATURDAY 28 1874

Spent forenoon splitting firewood Went to Brampton after dinner and bought of K.C. & Co. 60 lbs of red clover seed @ 10 {symbol indicating cents} @ lb. 6 bush seed barley @ $1.45 per bush. Got the team harness from Robertson's and the collars all fully repaired, price $5.00 Mr C. F{rest of name illegible} is here on a visit Misses ML Snell & CM Craig are here this evening.


Drove spring wagon up to S. School, Supt and Sec pres - lesson, A Review of the past Quarter's lessons. Heard Rev W Burns preach in Brampton tonight - text II Timothy III 4th and 5th verses. A very faithful sermon on the popular amusement of dancing and its evil results. The church was very crowded.

March MONDAY 30 1874

Our folks attended Mr W Carter's funeral at 10 am in Brampton. Rev Mr Jollife P.M. minister preached the sermon...Hired a boy of 18 years Jos McWilliams for 7 months @$14 he started work this afternoon. Spent evening at the Lodge a lively meeting one initiated. Chronicle by Bro Jas Wideman


Father and mother were visiting our neighbours Mr & Mrs R Armstrong yesterday evening. Today drove up to Quin's shop with our iron plow for repairs. Was {illegible word} the sheep and dressing their wool from straw and dirt. The weather is bright and cold and roads dusty.

April WEDNESDAY 1 1874

Working at the stovewood splitting and piling. Received a letter from Uncle TJ Harrington of Carthage, Mo. Our folks were visiting at Mr JM Jones's, they had a pleasant time. This month starts with a bright pleasant day, but a wintry feeling in the air the roads smooth & dusty as July.


At pretty much the same work as yesterday. Was also rebuilding some fence that was prostrated by the wind. Viney got a letter from Aunt Jennie Rice. A newspaper from TJ Harrington The "New York" Temperance Advocate just come to hand

April FRIDAY 3 1874

Drove team and waggon over to Norval saw mill and brought home 550 ft of culled pine lumber @ $4.00 per thousand and 100 ft pine scantling @ $10.00 per M. Spent evening at Edmonton Lodge, four were initiated including Mr Joshua Modeland, a township councilor, had a good meeting.


Was repairing and fixing up the little front gate. Our boy finished splitting the stove wood. Spent afternoon at JM Jones's Auction sale of furniture and implements - also house and park lots. The most of the articles brought high prices. Minnie and Nellie Jones are here visiting our little folks.

April SUNDAY 5 1874

Drove spring waggon up to S.School. Supt and Sec pres. lesson - Exodus XX 1 to 17 "The Ten Commandments" the "Canadian Messenger" was distributed as usual on 1st & 3rd Sundays in the month, this one has a picture of Hon A McKenzie. J.C.S. and family were here today snow storm tonight from the East.


A wintry morning, nearly six inches of snow on the level. Drive waggon up to R Quin's Shop and brought home our iron plow, $4.00 worth of repairs put on it. Spent evening at Lodge, 4 brothers from Toronto and 7 from Edmonton had a good meeting. Had a select oyster supper before the Lodge opened.

April TUESDAY 7 1874

Hauling rails and stakes to various places repairing and making gates &c . &c. Guy Bell exchanged with us 12 bags of white oats for an equal quantity of our black oats. Had a visit today from Misses Elsie, Emma and Hattie Modeland, three sisters of Dawson Moreland.


Drove spring wagon to Brampton early this morning for a load of men who were going to the Sale of John Snell's Stock. Sale started at 12 oclock by JR Page auctioneer from New York, a large crowd of people present, the principal purchasers were from the United States. on average the prices were good - total $22,000 about

April THURSDAY 9 1874

Commenced laying a new fence of old rails dividing the orchard field in two parts of about 9 1/2 acres & 5 1/2 acres. Sold a 4 yr old cow to Joe Smith for $36.50 for beef. Spent evening and staid all night at JC Snell's, all the talk was about the sale the prices on the Short-Horns were not so high as they expected


Spent the day chopping in the lower bush some large maples and beeches that were thrown down by the wind into lengths for sawing, from 12 to 20 ft according to size. Had a visit to day from Mr and Mrs Jones, they intend leaving Brampton shortly for Bowmanville.

April SATURDAY 11 1874

Spent last evening at the Edmonton Lodge, two visitors from Brampton, JM Joness & GH Golding a very pleasant evening was spent. At the same work as yesterday Viney mailed a letter to Aunt Jennie Rice. The weather is very cold and blustering.


Spent forenoon at SSchool Supt abs {short for absent} Sec pres {short for present} - lesson Exodus XXXII 1 to 6 & 19th & 20th verses - "The golden calf" {long squiggly line} Rev JG Scott preached at Zion at 2 P.M. and renewed the Quarterly tickets. Heard him preach in Brampton tonight text - Job - XXXV 10th verse A good sermon - some thoughts on music

April MONDAY 13 1874

Spent the day in the bush cutting with J Learments cross cut saw into cordwood two large maples. Father was pruning the young apple trees. Spent evening at the Temple, two initiated and several proposed, considerable business and not much under head of "Good of the Order".


At the same work as yesterday Father went to Norval with a grist and brought home 100 ft of pickets and planks. Shot a rabbit last evening that was prowling around the barn, had it dressed for dinner today and it would take a good judge to tell it from chicken in flavor and appearance.

April WEDNESDAY 15 1874

Was building fence in the old orchard field. Had a visit from Revs W Burns and JG Scott, a pastoral call. Went over to Mr McDowell's (4th line West) & bought 8 bush of a new variety of spring wheat for seed called the "red chaff" @ $1.22 per bush. Spent evening writing a letter to RJ Nichols, Chicago.


Spent the day in the woods, chopping & splitting cordwood. Yesterday we took out the butt log of a sound maple tree, timber for two wagon axles and also two bolsters. JC Snell was here for tea tonight, had a settlement with him and was made square by him paying us $35.00

April FRIDAY 17 1874

At the same work as yesterday, have about ten cords of mostly beech and maple, first class wood cut and piled up, used the hand cross cut saw with all the larger logs. Had a call yesterday from Aunt Lizzie F. of Toronto, she sold her house in Brampton to Fleming @ $1600. Spent evening at Choir Practice.


Spent the greater part of the day in Brampton in the Law Office of Messrs {form for Misters plural} Beynon and Fletcher arranging matters and deeds with agents of C.V.R. Company {Credit Valley Railway?}, did not get through with it until Monday next. The weather continues cool and dry.

April SUNDAY 19 1874

Went to S.School this forenoon Supt and Sec pres lesson Exodus XXXIII, 12th to 20th verse "The people forgiven". Spent afternoon and took tea at Willow Lodge, the residence of JC Snell. Heard Rev JG Scott preach in Brampton tonight - text - II Peter, III chap 8th verse.


A rainy day from the N. East Was picking over the potatoes and knocking off the sprouts have about 20 bush of "Early Rose". Drove to Brampton. Ma and I signed the deed to C.V.R. giving them 87/100 of an acre for $41.76. Spent evening at the Lodge, three initiated, a good meeting although it was raining.

April TUESDAY 21 1874

Father drove mother and Viney down to GTR {Grand Trunk Railway?} Depot this morning en route for Toronto to consult a Doctor about Viney's health. Some of the neighbours are plowing but our land is too wet yet. Started digging post holes for the garden fence. Received from K Chisholm MPP, two bound copies of statutes of Local House.


Working hard all day on the fall plowed lands, with the shovel, clearing out the cross drains and letting off a great quantity of water. The ground is very soft yet, the frost being solid in most places six inches below the surface

April THURSDAY 23 1874

Started plowing sod in the old orchard field, the water has a good chance to run off this field by its slope to the Etobicoke {Creek}, and the sod is pretty firm and plows very well. Mother arrived home from Toronto this evening. Viney went down to Oshawa to visit Aunt Jennie. Mr & Mrs JC Snell were here for tea.


Very hard frost, could not plow until noon. Spent forenoon in the woods cutting a large maple with the cross cut saw. Plowing sod all afternoon the plow works capitally this spring. Spent evening at Edmonton Lodge. they elected their Officers for next quarter the members turn out well.

April SATURDAY 25 1874

Drove to Brampton town in the buggy this morning and received a letter from Viney, she is well pleased with the appearance of Oshawa. Plowing in the orchard this afternoon and finished all but the headlands. A snow storm from the east set in this evening.


Fully 4 inches of snow this morning. Went to S.School on horseback. Supt abs. Sec pres. lesson Exodus last chap 17 to 30 "The tabernacle set up" The school was addressed by Mr NV Watson. Went to Brampton WM Church this evening, heard Rev T Sims preach text Hebrews XII 16th & 17th He is a PM Minister

April MONDAY 27 1874

Was engaged in completing the picket fence on S.W. side of garden, used some of the best of the old pailings excepting which the entire fence is new. Spent evening at the Lodge, a large attendance, two initiated the Officers for next quarter were elected mot many important changes made


Was trimming with the saw and jacknife, the young orchard and the garden trees Also chopping in "other place" bush, trees near the railroad have 3 1/2 cords piled up. The weather is very cold, the frost severe at night, a cold North wind. Mailed last night letters to Viney and {I or J} Taylor.

April WEDNESDAY 29 1874

Spent most of the day in Brampton at the Spring Show of C of Peel Agric Society a very good display of horses and bulls, we took the 3rd prize $4.00 on our bull - "Oliver Twist". A very large crowd of people present Nearly as cold as a winter day, blowing a strong North Wester


Plowing sod, finished the orchard field behind the barns {4 long slashes} Our folks went to Brampton and bought at JG {Stead's?} bankrupt sale two pairs of woolen blankets at $4.00 per pair and other things equally low

May FRIDAY 1 1874

It is May but all earth is not gay, there is scarcely any signs of life in vegetation yet, today has been the warmest day this year Was plowing sod, turned about 1 1/4 acres. Rebuilt the part of line fence next Mr D. Wiggins Spent evening at Choir practice in WM Church Brampton. The Officers of Edmonton Lodge were installed tonight by Dr CY Moore


Received a letter from Viney she is in good spirits but very poor health, she thinks Oshawa is a fine place. Commenced the spring seeding by sowing 9 1/2 acres of black oats, 30 bush our new iron harrow works capitally indeed. Had a call from Mr Arthur Norris, he is a jolly Irishman

May SUNDAY 3 1874

Went to Quarterly Meeting in Brampton at 10 a.m. the Rev JG Scott preached, text, Hebrews XIII, 5th verse a very able sermon, after which the lovefeast and sacrament until 2 P.M. Mrs John Snell and Tilly Snell were here for dinner. Heard Rev W Burns preach tonight - text - Galatians VI, 14th verse.


A dull cloudy day - pushing the work lively from the prospects for rain but none tonight. Cultivated the ground befor sowing the "Red Chaff" spring wheat {illegible number} bush of it & 3 bush of "Mamoth" on 5 1/2 acres. Sowed 9 bush of "Mammoth" on the fall wheat field and harrowed it in. Spent evening at the Lodge, a quiet meeting

May TUESDAY 5 1874

Finishing up the shpring wheat ground, rolling the fall what and plowing last season's turnip ground on "other place" Sold to J Crawforth two 2 yr old steers for $68.00. The ground is in fine trim this spring and works up splendidly. Mailed a letter to Viney yesterday containing $5.00


Sowed 8 acres of barley and harrowed it in on "other place", considerable frost in the ground yet below the plowing depth. Bought of Walter {Cation?} 4 bush of early peas a new variety @75 {symbol indicating cents} per bush This was Thursday's business

May THURSDAY 7 1874

Plowing all day at the turnip ground turned over about 1 3/4 acres. Had the other team rolling the fall wheat Spent evening in Brampton in Dr Moore's office at a committee meeting about the concert of 25 {illegible word in superscript} (This is yesterday's programme of transactions) (Sowed 16 bush barley on 8 acres)


An exceedingly warm day Was plowing sod in the field imeediately behind the barns. Sowed grass seed in the following quantities on the barley field. Clover 1 bush timothy {blank space} bush & orchard grass {blank space} bush. Put the roller over the field after sowing it. Spent evening at Edmonton Lodge. 5 were initiated

May SATURDAY 9 1874

At the same work as yesterday, very heavy plowing the ground is getting so dry and hard. Killed and dressed a calf for veal, sold a fore quarter to R. Armstrong 18 lbs @ 5 {symbol indicating cents} and hind quarter to W Campbell @ 8 {symbol indicating cents} 20 lbs. Had a team rolling the timothy meadow and picking off the stones at the same time


Spent forenoon at SSchool Supt abs Sec abs A Woodhall addressed the school on the lesson Exodus XXIII chap "The three great feasts" Heard Rev John Gardiner Scott preach in Brampton tonight - text - John XIX 17th A very warm day mercury up to 85{symbol indicating degrees} in the shade

May MONDAY 11 1874

Still at the plowing of sod the ground is getting harder every day Planted a few "Early Rose" potatoes in the garden. Spent evening in Brampton. Left an order at Wilkinson's for a pair of pants bought a fine shirt at $1.75. The Lodge was but poorly attended tonight


Received a letter last night from Viney she is improving in health slowly and will be home by the 24th. At the same work as yesterday Also started sowing the peas. The weather continues warm and dry. Turned the cattle out to grass as the hay & straw is about fed up.

May WEDNESDAY 13 1874

Finished plowing the sod and sowing the same with peas. 4 bush "Early" & 20 bush "Crown" on 7 1/2 acres...Run out the principal cross furrows with the plow, the sods turning up fresh and green. Had a nice little shower last night but the ground is very dry..End of seeding proper.


TransPlanted 4 horse chesnuts & one sugar maple from the garden to the front lane. Sold in Brampton 6 bush "Early Rose" @ 75 {symbol indicating cents} and bought 1 1/2 bush "Hungarian" grass seed @ $1.25. Mr & Mrs JC Snell were here for dinner & tea, it being their wedding anniversary (AD 1868) Received a letter from RJ Nichols of Chicago.

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“John Ferguson Diary, 1874,” Rural Diary Archive, accessed February 20, 2019,

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