James Cameron Diary, 1860


James Cameron Diary, 1860

Date Created

December 21, 1859

Is Part Of

James Cameron Diary Collection


Scanned Manuscript


Dec the 21st 18?? Mr James Cameron Sir Johns Island Lake St Francis To Day the Mutual Benefit is to Be Drawn in New Jersey to Day chopping 22nd Hiram & Amelia & Francis crossed Hiram Broughs 1 lb candles from A Summers 1/c set my trap for the mink To 1 pair of {illegible}for Hiram at Bakers 2/6 23rd chopping 3/4 of Wood Stormy Day of snow 24th Freezing very hard ice take very well not all shut at Dark Hiram in the house all Day Taking home Wood in the forenor Chopped 1/4 cord in the Afternoon Sunday the 25th Christimas Day crossed the Ice I went Part of the Way Hiram and Frances crossed 26th Hiram Went to Williamstown 27th Went to Charles Tupper Bushed the Road Henery Fishing Eels 28th crossed over Took my Trousers to Henerys Wife to make Boughs of a summer cap 13/9 to 3/4 of Cheese to 31/2 {illegible} lb Seen Angus on the Front Boug Bakers 1 Dozen of Buttons /2 Came home lent Henery my Traps 5 of them gave Francis Laplante an order on a summers for 10/ Went to Williamstown on Thurs In Williamstown on Friday the 30th {illegible} started for home stopt at Charles Alders in the 2nd Concession took Breakfast and treated me well came to the Front Bought of A Summers 2 lb sugar / got my trousers from Henery 1 lb Wool 1 Dozen of Pumkins {illegible}that crossed the Horses

New Years Day Day 1860

Mr James Cameron Sunday Lake St Frances

January 1st 1860 Sunday, New Years George Tupper Birmingham Heneage Street Jo Laplante Big Frank Motty & Wife Peggy & Lewis Bosele William & Henerys & William {Gere?} Phillip Lalonde Charles Tupper & Wife & children all to Dinner

Monday 2nd

Council Day in Williamstown the New Years Ball to Be to night Frank Thrashing Wheat

3rd Allen Birthday

I crosed to Summers Bought of A Sum 1/2 lb Tea -/10 Rory McDougall Lost his horses in the crack saved the sleigh A great many at the Ball Frances to Williamstown to mill I sent a Bushel good measur in the Flour Council to Day in William {Williamstown} 2 Days


Hiram came Henery Fishing Eels with Henery & George


Hiram chopping Drawing wood to the H


Drawing Wood Holy Day Hiram chopping Turning soft


Gave an order to Hiram on A Summers for 3/5 1/2 in Goods Hiram went off I crossed over Bought of a Summers 1 Pint of H Wines 7 1/2 2 lb 14 oz of Butter at -/11 per lb Bought A Lottery Ticket No 1..25..51 Mo B To be Drawn on the 31st of January 1860 A Ball To Be at David Summers to Celebrate the Boys Bound for California on the 12th of January 1860 Bought of Hiram 1 Book 2 Bottles of ink 1 Flute 1 Double Barrel Pistol


Sunday at Home


chopped a Thaw


chopping the Wisha crops with Horse for Francis Matty & Wife came


Thrashing oats a cold Raining

Mr James Cameron Lake St Francis January 12th 1860

Fanning Oats 27 Bushels A Ball at David Summers to night for the Lads going to california


Thrashing Oats


Fanning Oats 32 1/2 Going to Thrash Wheat to Day. Fanned {large space}I started for Williamstown Went to the P.O got my Paper Bid Farewell with David Summers & Sandy Grant Edward Santinee a Bee Moving Davids Barn to Jacobs Island

15th Sunday

Me in Williamstown Seen McF Death in the Paper Died on the 2nd of January D Mc D (F)


Writing Some


came Home Gave her {looks like symbol for British pounds followed by end bracket} on the 16th the Lads started for California Davy Summers Sandy Grant Donald M Gregg Bill McLeod turned Back {Simon Derushi?} a Bee stopt at Henerys all night


came Home took my Trap Burned it in the Fire


Drawing Wood Went to for my Paper Gave A Summers 5/- cash for to send to the Lottery Bought of A Summers 2 silk Handkerchief 2/3 a peice 4/6 of a Dollar Bought of a Baker 1/2 lb candles -/6 lb sugar -/6 Went up the ice to Hamiltons for the first time

20th Drawing Wood

21st Fishing eels with Henery got 22 eels & 1 catfish Agness night

Sunday 22nd

Bill here Mrs Bosele here Evan F brother Lost his horse some say Donald M Donald is married


Farming 1 1/2 of Black sea Francis got not quite the measure taking home Wood {last line on page most words obscured by damage} Laplante

Mr James Cameron Island January 23rd 1860

24th I crossed to Summers Bought of A Summers 1/2 Gallon Syrup 1/9 got the Loan of the Jar to Be Returned Returned the Bottle to Roby no mail came at Nicholsons got nuts chopping a soft maple came home Raining took up my trap

25 Burns Birth Day at home

26" chopping a Little went to store Bought of A Summers 3 lb 6 oz of Butter Almanac which comes to 4/- Bought of A J Baker 1 Bar of soap 1/6 1 lb candles 1/- 2/6 paid for treat 1/3 {and at?} Lancaster Amelia crossed {Wisha?} to Jas


Henerys Boy got the Loan of the axe

28th Shot an Owl Went to Williamstown got a ride from Jim Angun in the Glen a treat at Bakers

29th Sunday

in Williamstown


in Williamstown Andrew Baker & Mac MGreggor there

31st Donald Roach getting Married to Day came home stormy nothing at the Poison the Lottery comes off to Day Found a Horseshoe

1st of February



Went to Williamstown got Bosells harness & cutter got my Papers - Left it in Williamstown stopt at Spinks seen Amelia LaPlante


Came home Bakers a Bee Went to Nicholsons John came my Wheat 1 & 3 pecks stopt there all night


Went to Mill Found Walters cap & Buffaloe on the Ice Went to Groves Mill got my watch from the Watchmaker & he charges me a Dollar not Paid gave me a Glass for my watch carried my Bags home from the middle of the Ice

Mr. James Cameron Island Lake St Francis Feb the 5th

Sunday Frank & Amelia went to church in Williamstown the Sheep Dead 2 strange French Boys here named Laflesh Antoine Bosell here


skinned the sheep Put Poison in it on the Little Island Angus & Johnny McIntyre came Drew 4 Loads for a Beginning Good Deal of Water on the Ice Went to A Summers Bought of 1 Quart of Whiskey 7 1/2 Saleratus -/{6?} 1/2 lb Tea 1/3 1/2 lb candles -/6 not paid (1 pipe 1/2 matches 1/2) paid). Sent out the newspapers A Culdnagon Dead


Duncan Smith came Drawing


Angus came Went to Summers Bought Candles & Potatoes Handsome Weather John McIntyre Broke his Big Whippletree Ice cracking Wishaw Began to go to School at Frashers


Fine Day Drawing Wood Big Frank's child Died Francis came from Jo's Drawing since Monday Waggons going on the Ice Open at the Lower Point


Cold & Stormy Drawing Frank Began to Draw for -/10 per cord Johnny McIntyre Broke his sleigh Started for home in the Evening To 3 Bag of of Oats 1 Brought Down this Morning hard on 40 Cords out now keeping the Maple & Birch apart from the Beech Hens Laying in the House

11th Cutting Roads & Piling on the Bank Frashers Boys here for Sand Francis Drawing 7 I crossed Got a Letter about the Mutual Benefit Bought 1 lb of Poison 1/3 got my Papers Seen John Cameron From California Got 7/6 Cash From Walter Baker Gave Thomas Munroe 5/- I owed him came home Slept all {2 or 3 words obscured due to damage} A Very sore hand Henery

Mr James Cameron Island Feb the 12th

Sunday Jo Laplante here and crew drawing out the Boat Dog went off Bosell sold his mare to Jo

Monday 13th

John McIntyre & Bill Smith came to Draw Went to Summers Bought of A. Summers 1 Quart {H.W 1/5?}

14 St Valentines Day

A Ball at Spinks? a Dinner at Rannald for Chisholm


Went to A Summers to {illegible text} 1/2 Gallon Whisky 1/3 got from Mrs Summers 1 lb Sugar Finished Drawing the Wood They Went Tom Dan's came attorney E Ward


Tom Went of


I went to A Summers Bought 1 Watch Key -/3 got my Paper slept at Nicholsons came to Bosells got my 1 pound in cash came home


James Hughs Birth Day Went to Salmon River Paid Y {Cam...?} 6/13 on Cotton yarn Paid {Dush...?} the Watchmaker at Buchanans 3/9 Paid Walter Buchanan 5/- Bought 1 pair of Mits 1/6 at Buchanan on credit got on the {Bosure?} came to Lukes Stormy Slept all night

19th Sunday

took Breakfast at Lukes 1 treat not Paid Lost my Napkin started and came home


chopping fire wood stormy {word obscured by mold} Frank got his new Horse on the 18th Left my watch to get a Hand on with Dashny Bill Nicholson here for the Broadaxe Frank crosed henerys wifes Brother up water Raising on the Ice


I went to Nicholsons to score timber John came home with me Muskrats plenty coming out of their holes Frank away with the Horse

22 Ash Wednesday

at Home


Jo Laplante here for Motty's hay & oats old Bodell here {Quilting Bee written between the lines} here gave him a h{rest of word obscured by damage} got 2 Bushels of Oats From Motty to pay Bosells 1/{second number illegible} for Motty me Bosells Worthing the {last word on page obscured by mold}

Mr James Cameron Island Feb 23rd

I went for my Paper got a Ride to Williamston from Hugh McGruer a treat at A Summers (not paid) Bought Liquorice 3 cents worth Paid this) Great Lot of Water on the Ice Frank chopping for Arch McDonell Took a letter out to George Ferguson for A Summers

24th in Williamston

25th in Williamston the Dancing School {illegible word}

26th Sunday Sandy gave me a Ride home to the Island got a Bunch of Matches. {2 or 3 illegible words written between the 25th and 26th}

27th The {Daugerian?} Beginning to Day Mr M Martin Frank crossed with the Horse I went to the Little Island south side, Drawing Wood thawing

28th I went to Nicholsons Norman there going to Lancaster. Frances Drawing for William {Laricolette?} Henery at Nicholsons I stopt all night Great going to Salmon River up the Ice Malcolm Dingwalls horses got in the {illegible word}

29th I came home from Nicholsons Frances chopping for Archy McDonell Raining set 2 traps Last day of the month

1st Day March crows plenty Frances crossed Whisha crossed Frances crossed I crossed to Bakers Bought of A W Baker 1 lb Butter 1/{-?} 1 lb Sugar -/6 {illegible} 1/2 lb crackers -/4 got my Prize Gold Stone Valu 2 Dollar at Thomas Munroes Christies at Bakers

2nd Nicholsons here for Staves Frank over the Horse running about with the Bosells got milk from Amelia Lent the Gimlet to George Nicholson Flour came by Frank got 2 eggs from Amelia the Ice got his Boots

3rd Frances & I croped on at Bakers at 4 1/4 I went to Williamstown Raining hard

4th Sunday at night Angus went to Cornwall

5th Court on in Williamstown me in Williamstown

6th I started for home Frances at the Bosells

{written at top of page above title} Feby 18th {omits?} Memory Island 1860

Mr James Cameron March 6th

Bought of {illegible} W Baker 1/2 lb candles -/6 1 Quart Whiskey 7 1/2 1/2 lb Powder -/9 1/2 lb Shot 3 1/4 1 lb Nails -/3 Broke the Bowl Phillip help A Summers with Oats in a Waggon Took Bob home Thrashed the Last of the Wheat yesterday Charlie was here Christies Went to Keynon on the {word cut off}

7th Laplantes left here Robins came Black birds, going the Ice yet Gave Mrs Laplante an order on Baker for 4/- in goods Frances one of my Bags with Flour his it in) got 7 Bushels Some Thunder & Rain & Rainbows all alone

8th I went to Charlies took Dinner got an old {word cut off} from him

9th Friday of the Sacrament in Williamstown McDrawing {word cut off} and some rails for the Fence going to Ice yet

10th Piled about a cord of Birch Started to go for my Paper turned Back crossed at Henerys went to the store (got 5 Dollars from A Summers to be Paid in 3 months concerning the Lottery Bought a Teapot 1/3 (Bought a Pint paid this) got my Paper Bought a pint in the Tea Pot not Paid /4 came to Nicholsons all sound asleep Went to Henery's

11th came from Henerys took Breakfast left the Remains of the Tea Pot Charlie came gave him some R{rest of word illegible} for 2 Rats I {word cut off} From him Sacrament in Williamstown to Day Ice Busted close to shore Had a Hooker for Charlie took a Bite crossing to Salmon River yet Freezing

12th {illegible word} snowing piling Birch at the Lower R{rest of word cut off}

13 Drawing some Basswood for {illegible word} on Ritt Point went to Little Island South side in the {word obscured by damage}

March 14 1860

Mr James Cameron Island

Took the Grey Horse to get the Canoe at the Upper Point Big Bill here for a Dung fork got it I went across with him for the Rooster Set my Traps 5 of them 2 for the Mink Henery fishing eels horses going the Ice yet Nicholsons hunting at Point {illegible word} Walter after sand at {illegible word} Jim McDougall Broke in at Roses this week

15th I crossed to the P.O Sent George Sniders Boy to Careys for the Basket Bottle got it gave the Boy 3 coppers for going {illegible name}raising his barn David Baker {illegible word} I went to Secors Bought of AW Baker 1/2 lb candles -/6 1 pint of Whiskey & Bottle -/4 lock -/7 1/2 1/2 gallon Mollases 1/3 which comes to 2/8 1/2 gave a poor man a penny Pheney by name the writing master left the Front for Williamstown

16th Bill here for the canoe took it over for him on the other side of Francis Island drawing drags Shot a Rat Ice Bad Tapt 3 trees good sugar W{rest of word cut off}

17th St Patricks The Channel open in a strip up above Both sides, took a canoe to the Lower Point with Grey Cording some of the Birch & Maple, seen a weasel very white, went to the Upper Point, got a Rat Wild geese came on the 16th) Ducks plenty fine weather to stand

Long Sunday 18th alone got a Rat Ice jamming at the Door

19th Turning the Red canoe, Ice moving slowly Tapt one or 2 trees the Cows going to the Bush Found a nest with 6 eggs and another with 5 Shot a Rat did not get him

20th First Day of Spring horses doing nothing Doing nothing myself Raining moved the Bed to the Room nailing {word obscured by mold damage} partition wall Went to the Upper Point {1 or 2 words obscured by mold} chance at Ducks had {could be more words at bottom of page, but obscured by mold and damage}

== 21st 1860 Island Mr James Cameron March ==

Took up my trap snowing hard a great dam at the Water Log chopping stovewood cattle is hearty and well Seen a Boat going over the Way of Chustees with Messenger I think it is Thomas to {Moses?}Wind high

22 went to the Upper Point took home a Drag of Black Oak

23rd took home 2 ash stocks for oars. Straw Done the {Weasal?} on the Island Ice firm around shore Home Dreams

24th A Fox on the Island seen his tracks this morning Hart Road Blowing about 2 oclock this morning Eggs Plenty crossed the Ice in the Bay to the Pitt Point

25th Sunday Alone all well snowing Drifting & Blowing & Freezing wind Nor-West By South a Little Reading Sleeping

26th at the head of the Island

27th Drew a couple of Drags lost the H{rest of word cut off}

28th Found it the cow Heifer calved

29th Henery & Francis Laplant fishing eels got 80 George {Semo?} here wanting to hire for 7 Dollars a month Brought home the Churn Dasher Brought a Bag but not the right one shot a squirrel cutting down some stuff for fence got an eel from Henery Heard that Cluckey Died Frank Laplantes horse died Wild Geese plenty Ducks plenty

30th Went across for the 1st time this spring Bought of A Summers 1 pail 1/4 Strainer -/10 2 lb {illegible word} 1/3 1/2 lb tea 1/3 2 lb 2 oz 1/{10 1/2?} which comes to 6/6 1/2 (got my Prizes 5 of them {symbol for British pound}1.5) Bought of a I Baker 1/2 powder -/10 2 lbs shot 1/-{illegible word} Sugar 2 lb 1/2 candles 1/2 Whiskey 7 1/2 5/8 1/2 Thomas cross to Salmon River {rest of page obscured by damage}

Mr James Cameron Island April 1st 1860

Sunday went to Little Island south side

2nd a sail went from Salmon River to Lancaster Cutting some Rails Drew some from the Marsh Fence

3rd Went to Bakers Bought of WI Baker 1 pint HW 7 1/2 Mrs Laplante took up the Order for 4/- Bought of A Summers 2 lb crackers 1/3 notPaid {word illegible}) 1 lb {illegible}File -/6 paid)

Jim Hopkins here had Dinner

4th Fixing a place for the sail in small canoe Bought in to Salmon River

5th Angus came

6th Angus & I crossed Good Friday went to the store Dan came Bought of A Summers 1 lb crackers paid got an almanack from A Summers Bought 1 penny worth of {Rens?} paid rainy on the front Sick Donald Ruple in his new Shop now last night shot a Rat Dan and I hunting

7th Charlie here Fishing eels got 1 Broke the spear Wild Geese plenty henery's Boy wanting a Gun Dan making Syrup Fanning the Wheat 4 Bushel just 1 of corn Hired George Semo on Good Friday for 6 Dollars to come on the 9th of this month to Begin his month

8th Sunday Easter Waster Sunday Dan & I alone went Round the Island

9th Monday Dan & I Began to open the Pitt of Potatoes Charlie came I went to Mill 6 Bushels of Wheat 1 of Corn Gave Streeter 3 Rats at 15 cents apeice which comes to 17/3 1 Sheep pelt 3/9 2 Mink at 2/6 - 5/- in all. I gave him {symbol for British pound} 1-6. I {2 illegible words} 7/{11?} yet got my watch a treat at Briggs


Mr James Cameron April 9th 1860

George Semo came here and Dan took in the Potatoes 16 Bushel Bought of Buchanan & Brother 1 lb candles -/9 1 Quart syrup /11 1/2 5 yds cotton 2/ which comes to 3/9 Bought of Norman McDonald 1/2 lb crackers 3 1/2 stopt at Lukes old Lafleur's wife Died

10th killed the Calf Charlie sick Dan went off gave him a Gold stone Pin valued at 15/- Charlie went home Shot a Rat

11th cutting trees on the Pitt Point George & I Semo here got 1/2 bushel of {illegible word} on Georges account at 4/ per Bushel thats 2/-

12th Brought AI Bakers Bottle home George crossed Brought the chain to Kennedy Norman Abrams got the canoe at {symbol for British pound} 1"2"6 to Pay for it the 1st of June cording the last of the wood 1st ploughing Done before the Door setting out Fire Burning the marsh 2 minks on the Island

13th snowing Fixing Whippletrees & harness Ice in the Bay & Marsh

14th Ploughing some the horses Bockey

15th Sunday alone George and I

16th Drawing on the Pitt Point cutting stakes & Withs for the fence Setting fire to the Grass and Brush Fence Got a fox Shot a Rat

17th Skinning the Fox Spreading manure going to plough on Lower Point Cutting the eyes of {illegible word}

18th HughAnn came at Henerys gone Monday with the Wind Pete Antoine & Frank here got a bundle of Hay to 1 Bush of potatoes George got 1/6

19th George crossed for my paper Bought of AI Baker 1/2 lb Powder -/9 1/2 lb Horse shoe nails -/- stops along chasing a wild Goose {several words obscured by damage}


Mr James Cameron Island April 21st

Came from Williamstown. Met Charlie at Suses Island cleaning Perch Henerys Gert went Home with George Salaberry came up went in to Salmon River Welland went Down the St Helene first Boat went Down this year from above

22nd Sunday all alone HughAnn & I

23rd George and 2 Boys came for Potatoes 1 Bushel 1/6 Bought an Auger 2/3 putting out Dung on the peice at the End of the House

24th Went to Henerys at Nicholsons for the Plough got it

25 at the fence on the Pitt Point George Ploughing


Went to look for eggs got 6 Wild Duck Eggs Found a nest in the Barn with 19 eggs in it at the Fences Setting Fire to the marsh again The Boats a Going Down Some snow hard frost at nights now Ducks Plenty cold air curious Weather not much Ploughed The ice in the Marsh yet in Places

27th Went to Bakers Bought of A.I. Baker 1 pair Boots 8/9 1/2 lb tea 1/3 1/4 lb pepper -/3 needles & thread -/3 Bought of A Summers 1/2 Gallon syrup 1/10 1/2 1/4 of Starch -/4 Porter 7 1/2 Knife 1/3 1 lb Butter -/9 sent A Summers 12 Rats & 1 Fox {illegible word} Dan came George took the Harrowteeth 17 of them Got my account from A Summers {symbol for British pound}9"11"10 before to Day what I got to Day some too along with that

Saturday 28thDan went of Charlie came fishing for Purch no bite Fishing for eels Charlie got 5 gave me 2 Brought me the Scythe William Laflet set his line for sturgeon Found 22 eggs in one nest George crossed.

29th Sunday Watson {word obscured by damage} boat

30th George came Ploughing


James Cameron Island May 1

George ploughing Semos Boys here for George to go to the Priest Charlie here to Dinner

2nd George to Williamstown to Court for McLaughlin

3rd Fixing the Fence on the Pitt Point George came John Craig son here about a Horse Took up my Traps

4th Hugh Ann crossed with Henery Plough on the Lower Point Charlie here Got my Gun Brought me seed corn to plant gave him {illegible word or words} some cups going to set the Line to Day

5th Ploughing on the Lower Point Angus Rankin here George put him across George crossed Finished the Lower Point ploughing. {Written in brackets between the lines} (I got a Sturgeon)

6th Sunday Charlie home with my Gun Gave me 2 {load?} of Shot

Monday 7th George came Fixing the Gate George ploughing Hugh Ann came

8th Sowed 2 oz Pease William Lavelette here taking up his George Harrowing the pease. George to the Raffle

9th I Finished ploughing the Pease Ground George away this Day Began above the Lane Raining some

10th Went to Bakers Bought of A Summers 1/2 lb {word obscured by damage}1/3 Sugar 2 lb 1/3 Bought of A.I Baker 1 Quart of Whiskey 7 1/2 Hat -/6 George Broke the Plough

11th sowed the rest of the Pease which makes 5 in that peice Planted Potatoes in the cucumbers & onions Harrowing the Lower Point Planted the East Peice on the Lower Point with Potatoes about a good {Bushel? plus another word obscured by damage}

Mr James Cameron island

bought of a Summers 1/2 bushel of salt 1/3 1 Lb 6

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“James Cameron Diary, 1860,” Rural Diary Archive, accessed September 22, 2019, https://ruraldiaries.lib.uoguelph.ca/transcribe/items/show/101.